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Types of Automated Parking Systems: Revolutionising Urban Parking

As cities grow more congested and parking space becomes a premium, the demand for efficient and space-saving parking solutions has intensified. Automated parking systems have emerged as a revolutionary answer to this urban challenge. 

Leveraging cutting-edge technology, these systems optimize parking space, enhance user experience, and reduce the time and effort required for parking. This article explores various types of automated parking systems, their features, benefits, and how they are reshaping the future of urban parking.



1. Robotic Parking Systems

Robotic parking systems, also known as automated garage systems, utilize robotic machinery to park and retrieve vehicles without the need for human intervention. These systems can be implemented in either vertical or horizontal configurations.

1.1 Vertical Robotic Parking Systems

Vertical robotic parking systems are designed to stack and organize vehicles in multiple levels, maximizing space efficiency. The process begins with the driver parking the car in a loading bay  or also known as a transfer cabin. The automated system then takes over, transporting the vehicle to an available parking spot within the parking vault using robotic lifts and shuttles.

1.2 Horizontal Robotic Parking Systems

Horizontal robotic parking systems, on the other hand, resemble traditional parking lots, except they employ automated machinery for parking and retrieving vehicles. Cars are parked side by side, and robotic shuttles maneuver them into designated spots.

2. Automated Puzzle Parking Systems

Automated puzzle parking systems, also known as puzzle robotic parking systems, are designed to make the most of limited space by stacking and arranging vehicles like puzzle pieces. These systems are typically employed in areas where space is at a premium and are a great fit for multi-family communities and office use where you have repeat users and assigned spaces.  

2.1 Simple Puzzle Parking Systems

Simple puzzle parking systems involve a series of movable platforms and pallets that lift and move vehicles to designated parking slots. The process is automated and controlled through a user-friendly interface located on the module or from a remote key fob. 

2.2 Puzzle Puzzle Parking Systems

In this more complex version, vehicles are stacked both vertically and horizontally, forming multiple layers of puzzle-like arrangements. Platforms, also called trays,  efficiently manage the parking and retrieval processes without attendants.

3. Automated Lift-Slide Parking Systems

The automated lift-slide parking system utilizes lifting and  sliding mechanisms to store vehicles in vertical towers or compartments. This system maximizes space and allows for the efficient organization of cars.

3.1 Tower Lift-Slide Parking Systems

In tower lift-slide systems, vehicles are lifted by elevators to upper floors and maneuver horizontally to their designated positions. This arrangement can handle a significant number of vehicles within a relatively small footprint.

3.2 Compartment Lift-Slide Parking Systems

Compartment lift-slide systems involve individual compartments that are moved vertically and horizontally to accommodate vehicles. This flexible configuration is ideal for irregularly shaped spaces.

4. Automated Shuttle Parking Systems

Automated shuttle parking systems are a popular choice for large parking facilities. These systems utilize driverless shuttle vehicles that transport cars to available parking spots.

4.1 Rack-Type Shuttle Parking Systems

Rack-type shuttle systems utilize steel rack and rails to stow vehicles. The shuttle will navigate through the parking facility, capturing cars and placing them in appropriate slots, or also referred to  historically as pigeon hole parking.  

4.2 Traveling Tower-Type Shuttle Parking Systems

Traveling tower shuttle systems employ robotic cranes or platforms to lift vehicles and transport them to designated parking spaces. This method can offer slower retrieval times when compared to other competitive automated systems.  

5. Integration of IoT and AI in Automated Parking Systems

To enhance user experience and optimize operations, many automated parking systems are integrating the Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies. These advancements enable real-time data monitoring, predictive analytics, and seamless connectivity between users and the parking facility.

Automated parking systems represent a paradigm shift in urban parking solutions. As cities continue to face parking challenges, these innovative systems offer a sustainable and efficient way to optimize limited parking space. 

From robotic parking systems to puzzle-based arrangements and shuttle technologies, each type of automated parking system brings unique benefits and features to the table. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect these systems to become even more sophisticated, providing users with a seamless and hassle-free parking experience in the future.